The rose is a perennial plant flower, which belongs to the Rosaceae family.

Rose and its species

The rose is a perennial plant flower, which belongs to the Rosaceae family. There are three hundred species of roses and thousands of varieties. Roses form a group of plants that can be shrubs, climbing, or trailing, the trunks of roses are slit. Which has beautiful flowers which vary in size which are usually large and beautiful to see, which are white yellow and red. Most species are native to Asia, with small numbers also native to Europe, North America, and northwest Africa. Many species, varieties and hybrids are widely grown for their beauty and are often fragrant.

Roses have acquired cultural importance in many societies. Rose plants are compact, miniature roses, in the shape of climbers that can be up to seven meters in height. The rose flower is famous for its softness and beauty among people.

How Much Variety of Rose?

There are three hundred species of roses and thousands of varieties.

  • Rosa abyssinica
  • Rosa acicularis – arctic rose, prickly rose (Rosa)
  • Rosa agrestis – fieldbriar (Caninae)
  • Rosa × alba (possibly R. canina × R. gallica)
  • Rosa alexandrae
  • Rosa alpina (see Rosa pendulina)
  • Rosa anemoniflora
  • Rosa arkansana (syn. R. pratincola, R. suffulta) – wild prairie rose, Arkansas rose (Rosa)
  • Rosa arvensis – field rose, trailing rose (Synstylae)
  • Rosa azerbaidshanica
  • Rosa banksiae (nobed)
  • Rosa beggeriana – (Gymnocarpae)
  • R. berberifolia – syn. R. persica var. berberifolia
  • Rosa blanda – smooth rose
  • Rosa bracteata – Chicksaw Rose, Macartney Rose (Bracteatae)
  • Rosa bridgesii
  • Rosa brunonii – Himalayan musk rose, Brown’s musk rose (Synstylae)
  • Rosa californica – California wild rose (Rosa)
  • Rosa canina – dog rose (Caninae)
  • Rosa carolina – Carolina rose, pasture rose (Carolinae)
  • Rosa centifolia cristata – crested moss
  • Rosa × centifolia (complex hybrid possibly containing R. gallica, R. fedtschenkoana, R. moschata, R. canina)
  • Rosa chinensis var. spontanea – China rose (Chinensis)
  • Rosa cinnamomea (see R. majalis)
  • Rosa clinophylla (R. involucrata) (Bracteatae)
  • Rosa × coryana (R. macrophylla x R. roxburghii)
  • Rosa corymbifera (Caninae)
  • Rosa cuspidata (see Rosa tomentosa)
  • Rosa cymosa (Banksianae)
  • Rosa × damascena ((R. moschata × R. gallica) × R. fedtschenkoana)
  • Rosa davidii – Father David’s rose (Rosa)
  • Rosa dumalis – glaucous dog rose, often considered a synonym of R. canina
  • Rosa dumetorum
  • Rosa ecae (syn. R. xanthina var. ecae) (Pimpinellifoliae)
  • Rosa eglanteria (see Rosa rubiginosa and Rosa foetida)
  • Rosa elegantula – Threepenny Bit Rose (Rosa)
  • Rosa elliptica
  • Rosa farreri Stapf ex Cox – Farrer’s “Threepenny-bit Rose”
  • Rosa fedtschenkoana (Rosa)
  • Rosa filipes
  • Rosa floribunda (see R. micrantha)
  • Rosa foetida (syn. R. lutea) – Austrian briar (Pimpinellifoliae)
  • Rosa foliolosa
  • Rosa forrestiana
  • Rosa gallica – French rose, rose of Provins (Gallicanae)
  • Rosa gentiliana (syn. R. polyantha grandiflora)
  • Rosa gigantea (syn. R. × odorata gigantea) (Chinensis)
  • Rosa giraldii
  • Rosa glandulosa (see Rosa maximowicziana)
  • Rosa glauca (syn. R. rubrifolia) – redleaf rose
  • Rosa gymnocarpa (Gymnocarpae)
  • Rosa helenae (Synstylae)
  • Rosa hemisphaerica (syn. R. sulphurea) – sulphur rose (Pimpinellifoliae)
  • Rosa henryi
  • Rosa holodonta (syn. R. moyesii rosea)
  • Rosa hugonis – Father Hugo’s rose, Golden Rose of China
  • Rosa involucrata (see Rosa clinophylla)
  • Rosa × kochiana
  • Rosa kokanica (Pimpinellifoliae)
  • Rosa kordesii
  • Rosa laevigata (syn. R. sinica) – Cherokee rose, camellia rose, Mardan rose (Laevigatae)
  • Rosa laxa (syn. R. gebleriana) (Rosa)
  • Rosa longicuspis
  • Rosa luciae (see Rosa wichuraiana)
  • Rosa lucida (see Rosa virginiana)
  • Rosa lutea (see Rosa foetida)
  • Rosa × macrantha
  • Rosa macrophylla (Rosa)
  • Rosa majalis (syn R. cinnamomea) – cinnamon rose (Rosa)
  • Rosa maximowicziana (syn. R. glandulosa)
  • Rosa micrantha (syn. R. floribunda, R. numerosa, R. rubiginosa)
  • Rosa minutifolia (Hesperrhodos)
  • Rosa mollis
  • Rosa moschata – musk rose
  • Rosa moyesii (Rosa)
  • Rosa moyesii var. rosea (see Rosa holodonta)
  • Rosa mulliganii (Synstylae)
  • Rosa multibracteata (Rosa)
  • Rosa multiflora – multiflora rose (Synstylae)
  • Rosa nitida (Carolinae)
  • Rosa numerosa (see R. micrantha)
  • Rosa nutkana – Nootka rose, Nutka rose
  • Rosa obtusifolia
  • Rosa × odorata
  • Rosa × odorata var. gigantea (see Rosa gigantea)
  • Rosa omeiensis
  • Rosa omissa (see Rosa sherardii)
  • Rosa oxyacantha
  • Rosa palustris – swamp rose (Carolinae)
  • Rosa pendulina (syn. R. alpina) – alpine rose
  • Rosa persica (syn. Hulthemia persica, R. simplicifolia)
  • Rosa phoenicia
  • Rosa pimpinellifolia (syn. R. spinosissima) – burnet rose, Scots rose (Pimpinellifoliae)
  • Rosa pinetorum
  • Rosa pisocarpa
  • Rosa polyantha var. grandiflora (see Rosa gentiliana)
  • Rosa pomifera (see Rosa villosa)
  • Rosa pouzinii
  • Rosa prattii
  • Rosa primula – incense rose (Pimpinellifoliae)
  • Rosa roxburghii – chestnut rose, burr rose (Platyrhodon)
  • Rosa rubiginosa (syn. R. eglanteria) – sweetbriar, eglantine (Caninae)
  • Rosa rubrifolia (see Rosa glauca)
  • Rosa rugosa – rugosa rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose (Rosa)
  • Rosa salictorum
  • Rosa sempervirens – evergreen rose (Synstylae)
  • Rosa seraphinii (see Rosa sicula)
  • Rosa sericea – winged rose (Pimpinellifoliae)
  • Rosa setigera – climbing rose (Synstylae)
  • Rosa setipoda
  • Rosa sherardii (syn. R. omissa)
  • Rosa sicula (syn. R. seraphinii)
  • Rosa simplicifolia (see Rosa persica)
  • Rosa sinica (see Rosa laevigata)
  • Rosa soulieana (Synstylae)
  • Rosa spinosissima (see Rosa pimpinellifolia)
  • Rosa spithamea
  • Rosa squarrosa
  • Rosa stellata – gooseberry rose, Sacramento rose (Hesperrhodos)
  • Rosa stellata var. mirifica (Hesperrhodos)
  • Rosa suffulta (see Rosa arkansana)
  • Rosa sulphurea (see Rosa hemisphaerica)
  • Rosa × toddiae
  • Rosa villosa
  • Rosa virginiana
  • Rosa willmottiae (Gymnocarpae)
  • Rosa woodsii – mountain rose
  • Rosa xanthina – Manchu rose

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